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[149] Acadia by petty acts of violence, worthy only of ma-
Chap. IV.} 1613.
rauders and pirates. In less than a century and a half, the strife for acres which neither nation could cultivate, kindled war round the globe.

Meantime the people of England, who freely offered gifts while ‘the holy action’ of planting Virginia was ‘languishing and forsaken,’ saw through the gloom of early disasters the success of the ‘pious and heroic enterprise.’ Shakespeare, in the maturity of his genius, shared the pride and the hope of his countrymen. As he looked toward James River and Jamestown, his splendid prophecy, by the mouth of the Protestant Cranmer, promised the English nation the possession of a hemisphere, through King James as the patron of colonies:

Wherever the bright sun of heaven shall shine,
His honor and the greatness of his name
Shall be, and make new nations. He shall flourish,
And like a mountain cedar, reach his branches
To all the plains about him.

Sir Thomas Gates, leaving the government with

1614. Mar.
Dale, embarked for England, where he employed himself in reviving the courage of the London company.
May 17. Commons Journal, II. 481. Chalmers, 34, 35.
In May, 1614, a petition for aid was presented to the house of commons, and was received with unusual solemnity. It was supported by Lord Delaware, whose affection for Virginia ceased only with life. ‘All it requires,’ said he, ‘is but a few honest laborers, burdened with children;’ and he moved for a committee to consider of relief. But disputes with the monarch led to a hasty dissolution of the commons; and it was not to lotteries or privileged companies, to parliaments or kings, that the new state was to owe its prosperity. Private industry, directed to the culture of tobacco, enriched Virginia.

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