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[2] original charges might be repaid. The debt for a
Chap. IV.}
wife was a debt of honor, and took precedence of any other; and the company, in conferring employments, gave a preference to married men. Domestic ties were formed; virtuous sentiments and habits of thrift
1619 to 1621.
ensued; the tide of emigration swelled; within three years, fifty patents for land were granted, and three thousand five hundred persons found their way to Virginia, which was a refuge even for Puritans.

When Sandys, after a year's service, resigned his office as treasurer, a struggle ensued on the election of his successor. The meeting, on the seventeenth of

1620. May 17.
May, 1620, was numerously attended; and, as the courts of the company were become the schools of debate, many distinguished members of parliament were present. A message was communicated from King James, nominating four candidates, one of whom he desired should receive the appointment. The company resisted the royal interference as an infringement of their charter; and the choice of the meeting fell by acclamation upon the earl of Southampton, the early friend of Shakespeare. Having thus vindicated their own rights, the company proceeded to redress former wrongs, and to provide colonial liberty with its written guarantees.

In the case of the appeal to the London company from sentence of death pronounced by Argall, his friends, with the earl of Warwick at their head, had voted, that trial by martial law is the noblest kind of trial, because soldiers and men of the sword were the judges. This opinion was reversed, and the rights of the colonists to trial by jury sustained. Nor was it long before the freedom of the northern fisheries

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