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[169] Pequod tribe1 in Connecticut, the captives treacher-
Chap V.}
ously made by Waldron in New Hampshire,2 the harmless fragments of the tribe of Annawon,3 the orphan offspring of King Philip himself,4 were all doomed to the same hard destiny of perpetual bondage. The clans of Virginia and Carolina,5 for more than a hundred years, were hardly safe against the kidnapper. The universal public mind was long and deeply vitiated.

It was not Las Casas who first suggested the plan of transporting African slaves to Hispaniola; Spanish slaveholders, as they emigrated, were accompanied by their negroes. The emigration may at first have been contraband; but a royal edict soon permitted Negro

slaves, born in slavery among Christians, to be transported to Hispaniola.6 Thus the royal ordinances of Spain authorized negro slavery in America. Within two years, there were such numbers of Africans in
Hispaniola, that Ovando, the governor of the island, entreated that the importation might no longer be permitted.7 The Spanish government attempted to disguise the crime, by forbidding the introduction of negro slaves, who had been bred in Moorish families,8 and allowing only those who were said to have been instructed in the Christian faith, to be transported to the West Indies, under the plea that they might assist in converting the infidel nations. But the idle pretence was soon abandoned; for should faith in Christianity be punished by perpetual bondage in the

1 Winthrop's N. E., i. 234.

2 Belknap's Hist. of N. Hampshire, i. 75, Farmer's edition.

3 Baylies' Plymouth, III. 190.

4 Davis, on Morton's Memorial, 454, 455. Baylies' Plymouth, III. 190, 191.

5 Hening, i. 481, 482. The act, forbidding the crime, proves, what is indeed undisputed, its previous existence. Lawson's Carolina. Charmers, 542.

6 Herrera, d. i l. IV. c. XII.

7 Irving's Columbus, Appendix, No. 26, III. 372, first American edition.

8 Herrera, d. i. l. VI. . XX.

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