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[72] king of England,1 as ‘a king who had seen adversity,
Chap. XII.} 1660.
and who, having himself been an exile, knew the 1660 hearts of exiles.’ They prayed for ‘the continuance of civil and religious liberties,’ and requested against complaints an opportunity of defence. ‘Let not the king hear men's words,’—such was their petition;— ‘your servants are true men, fearing God and the king. We could not live without the public worship of God; that we might, therefore, enjoy divine worship without human mixtures, we, not without tears, departed from our country, kindred, and fathers' houses. Our garments are become old by reason of the very long journey; ourselves, who came away in our strength, are, many of us, become gray-headed, and some of us stooping for age.’ In return for the protection of their liberties, they promise the blessing of a people whose trust is in God.

At the same time, Leverett, the agent of the colony,

Dec. 19.
was instructed to make interest in its behalf with members of parliament and the privy council; to intercede for its chartered liberties; to resist appeals to England, alike in cases civil or criminal. Some hope was entertained that the new government might be propitious to New England commerce, and renew the favors which the Long Parliament had conceded. But the navigation act had just been passed; and Massachusetts never gained an exemption from its severity till she ceased to demand it as a favor.

Meantime a treatise, which Eliot, the benevolent apostle of the Indians,—the same who had claimed for the people a voice even in making treaties,—had published in defence of the unmixed principles of popular

1 Hutch. Coll. 325—329.

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