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[203] of the crown. In every colony where Puritanism
Chap. XIV.} 1658 Mar.
prevailed, there was a uniform disposition to refuse a fixed salary to the royal governor. Virginia, at a time when the chief magistrate was elected by its own citizens, had voted a fixed salary for that magistrate; but the measure, even then, was so little agreeable to the people, that its next assembly
1659 Mar. 1662.
repealed the law.1 The royalist legislature, for the 1662. purpose of well paying his majesty's officers, established a perpetual revenue by a permanent imposition on all exported tobacco; and the royal officers of Virginia, requiring no further action of an assembly for granting taxes, were placed above the influence of colonial legislation.2 They depended on the province neither for their appointment nor their salary, and the country was governed according to royal instructions,3 which did, indeed, recognize the existence of colonial 1662 assemblies, but offered no guaranty for their continuance. The permanent salary of the governor of Virginia, increased by a special grant from the colonial
1662 Sept. 12.
legislature, exceeded the whole annual expenditure of Connecticut; but Berkeley was dissatisfied. A thousand pounds a year would not, he used to say, ‘maintain the port of his place; no government of ten years standing but has thrice as much allowed him. But I am supported by my hopes, that his gracious majesty will one day consider me.’4 Such was a royal governor; how unlike the spirit that prevailed, where the magistrates were elected by the people! Winthrop of Massachusetts expended all his state for the commonwealth; Berkeley was dissatisfled

1 Hening, i. 498—523.

2 Ibid. ii. 130—132.

3 Richmond Records, No 2. 1660 to 1664, p. 130—135.

4 Chalmers, 528. Hening, n 516. Berkeley's commission was not a commission for life.

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