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[233] evidence of treason.1 Is it strange that posterity was
Chap. XIV.} 1677.
for more than a hundred years defrauded of the truth? Every accurate account of the insurrection remained in manuscript till the present century.2

It was on occasion of this rebellion, that English troops were first introduced into the English colonies in America. Their support was burdensome. After three years they were disbanded, and probably mingled with the people.3

With the returning squadron Sir William Berkeley sailed for England. Guns were fired, and bonfires kindled at his departure.4 Public opinion in England censured his conduct with equal severity; and Lord Berkeley used to say, that the unfavorable report of the commissioners in Virginia caused the death of his brother. It took place soon after Sir William's arrival in England, before he had had an opportunity of waiting on the king.

The results of Bacon's rebellion were disastrous for Virginia. The suppression of an insurrection furnished an excuse for refusing a liberal charter, and conceding nothing more than a patent, containing not

1676 Oct. 10.
one political franchise.5 Freedom in Virginia rested on royal favor, and was measured by the royal will, except so far as the common law protected the inhabitants in the rights of Englishmen. The form of government was further defined by royal instructions6 that had been addressed to Berkeley. Assemblies
Nov 13.
were required to be called but once in two years, and to sit but fourteen days, unless for special reasons.

1 Hening, ii. 385, 386.

2 Compare Walsh's Appeal, 78.

3 Chalmers, 351, 352.

4 F. Morryson, in Burk, ii. 267.

5 Burk, ii. App. LXI. Hening, ii. 532. Beverley, 76.

6 Hening, ii. 424—426, where they are printed at large.

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