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[238] jurisdiction.1 As in Massachusetts, money was coined
Chap. XIV.} 1686.
at a provincial mint,2 and, at a later day, the value of foreign coins was arbitrarily advanced. A duty was
levied on the tonnage of every vessel that entered the waters.3 It was resolved to purchase a state-
house, which was subsequently built at a cost of forty
thousand pounds of tobacco—about a thousand dollars. The Indian nations were pacified; and their rights,
subordination, and commerce, defined and established. But the mildest and most amiable feature of legislation is found in the acts of compromise4 between Lord
Baltimore and the representatives of the people, in
which the power of the former to raise taxes was
accurately limited, and the mode of paying quit-rents established on terms favorable to the colony; while, on the other hand, a custom of two shillings a hogshead was levied on all exported tobacco, of which a moiety was appropriated to the defence of the government; the residue became conditionally the revenue of the proprietary. The compromise, though called ‘an act of gratitude,’ was favorable to the colonists. The people held it a duty themselves to bear the charges of government, and they readily acknowledged the unwearied care of the proprietary for the welfare of his dominions.

Thus was the declining life of Cecilius Lord Baltimore, the father of Maryland, the tolerant legislator, the benevolent prince, blessed with the success which philanthropy deserves. The colony which he had planted in youth, crowned his old age with its gratitude.

1 Compare Albany Records, XVII. 315, 245; XVIII. 337—35. More on this subject hereafter. Heerman's Journal sheds a clear light on the controversy with Penn.

2 Bacon, 1661, c. IV.; 1662, c. VIII.; 1686, c. IV.

3 Ibid. 1661, c. VII.

4 Ibid. 1662, c. XIX.; 1671, c.XL 1674, c. i.

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