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[273] Science investigates the powers of every plant and
Chap. XV.}
mineral, to find medicines for disease; schools of surgery rival the establishments of the old world; the genius of letters begins to unfold his powers in the warm sunshine of public favor. An active daily press, vigilant from party interests, free even to dissoluteness, watches the progress of society, and communicates every fact that can interest humanity; and commerce pushes its wharves into the sea, blocks up the wide rivers with its fleets, and sends its ships, the pride of naval architecture, to every zone.

A happy return voyage brought the Half Moon

1609.
into Dartmouth on the seventh of November. There the vessel was arbitrarily delayed, and the services of its commander and English seamen were claimed by their liege. Hudson could only forward to his employers an account of his discoveries; he never again saw Holland, or the land which he eulogized.

The Dutch East India Company refused to search

1610.
further for the north-western passage; but English merchants, renewing courage, formed a company, and Hudson, in ‘The Discovery,’ engaged again in his great pursuit. He had already explored the north-east and the north, and the region between the Chesapeake and Maine. There was no room for hope but to the north of Newfoundland. Proceeding by way of Iceland, where ‘the famous Hecla’ was casting out fire, passing Greenland and Frobisher's Straits, he sailed on the second of August, 1610, into the Straits which bear his name, and into which no one had gone before him. As he came out from the passage upon the wide gulf, he believed that he beheld ‘a sea to the westward,’ so that the short way to the Pacific was found. How great was his disappointment, when

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