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[312] their honor to the defence of the province; and the
Chap XV.}
West India Company was too penurious to risk its funds, where victory was so hazardous. A new and more full diet was held in the spring of 1664. Rumors
1664 April.
of an intended invasion from England had reached the colony; and the popular representatives, having remonstrated against the want of all means of defence, and foreseeing the necessity of submitting to the English, demanded plainly of Stuyvesant—‘If you cannot protect us, to whom shall we turn?’ The governor, faithful to his trust, proposed the enlistment of every third man, as had more than once been done in the Fatherland. And thus Manhattan was left without defence; the people would not expose life for the West India Company; and the company would not risk bankruptcy for a colony which it valued chiefly as property. The established government could not but fall into contempt. In vain was the libeller of the magistrates fastened to a stake with a bridle in his
May 12.
mouth. Stuyvesant confessed his fear of the colonists. ‘To ask aid of the English villages would be inviting
June 2.
the Trojan horse within our walls.’—‘I have not time to tell how the company is cursed and scolded,
Aug 4.
the inhabitants declare that the Dutch have never had a right to the country.’ Half Long Island had revolted; the settlements on the Esopus wavered; the Connecticut men had purchased of the Indians all the seaboard as far as the North River. Such were the narratives of Stuyvesant to his employers.

In the mean time, the United Provinces could not distrust a war with England. No cause for war existed except English envy of the commercial glory and prosperity of Holland. In profound confidence of firm peace, the countrymen of Grotius were planning

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