number of representatives of the people; freedom from
taxation except by the colonial assembly; a combined opposition of the people and the proprietaries to any arbitrary impositions from England
; freedom of judgment, conscience, and worship, to every peaceful citizen; these were the allurements to New Jersey
To the proprietaries were reserved a veto on provincial enactments, the appointment of judicial officers, and the executive authority.
Lands were promised at a moderate quitrent, not to be collected till 1670.
The duke of York
, now president of the African Company.
was the patron of the slave-trade; the proprietaries, more true to the prince than to humanity, offered a bounty of seventy-five acres for the importation of each able slave That the tenure of estates might rest on equity, the Indian
title to lands was in all cases to be quieted.
The portion of New Netherland which thus gained popular freedom, was at that time almost a wilderness.
The first occupation of Fort Nassau in Gloucester
, and the grants to Godyn and Blomaert, above Cape May
had been of so little avail that, in 1634, not a single white man dwelt within the Bay
of the Delaware
The pioneers of Sir Edmund Ployden
, and the restless emigrants from New Haven, had both been unsuccessful.
Here and there, in the counties of Gloucester
, a Swedish farmer may have preserved his dwelling on the Jersey
side of the river; and, before 1664, perhaps three Dutch
families were established about Burlington
; but as yet West New Jersey
had not a hamlet.
In East Jersey
, of which the hills had been praised by Verrazzani, and the soil trodden by the mariners of Hudson
, a trading station seems, in 1618, to have been occupied at Bergen
In December, 1651, Augustine Herman
purchased, but hardly took possession