not for new enfranchisements, when Harrington
, and Shaftesbury
, and Locke
, thought government should rest on property,—Penn did not despair of humanity, and, though all history and experience1
denied the sovereignty of the people, dared to cherish the noble idea of man's capacity for self-government.
Conscious that there was no room for its exercise in England
, the pure enthusiast, like Calvin and Descartes
, a voluntary exile, was come to the banks of the Delaware
to institute ‘the Holy
The news spread rapidly, that the Quaker
on the day after his landing, in presence of a crowd of Swedes, and Dutch
, and English
, who had gathered round the court-house, his deeds of feoffment were produced; the duke of York
's agent surrendered the territory by the solemn delivery of earth and water, and Penn
, invested with supreme and undefined power in Delaware
, addressed the assembled multitude on government, recommended sobriety and peace, and pledged himself to grant liberty of conscience and civil freedom.
ascended the Delaware
, where he was hospitably received by the honest, kind-hearted emigrants who had preceded him from the north of England
; the little village of herdsmen and farmers, with their plain manners, gentle dispositions, and tranquil passions, seemed a harbinger of a golden age.
, tradition describes the journey of Penn
to have been continued with a few friends in an