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[400] the provisions of their charter.1 The executive
Chap XVI.} 1687 Feb. 1, 1688
power was also imperfectly administered: for the whole council was too numerous a body for its regular exercise. A commission of five was substituted;2 and finally, when it was resolved to appoint a deputygov-ernor,3 the choice of the proprietary was not wisely made. In a word, folly and passion, not less than justice and wisdom, had become enfranchised on the Delaware, and were desperately bent on the exercise of their privileges. Free scope was opened to every whim that enthusiasts might propose as oracles from the skies, to every selfish desire that could lurk under the Quaker garb. But the smiling light of prosperity rose serenely over the little clouds of discontent, and the swelling passions of the young apprentices at legislation died away at the adjournments.4 To freedom and justice a fair field was given, and they were safe.5

Peace also was uninterrupted. Once, indeed, it was rumored, that on the Brandywine five hundred Indians were assembled to concert a massacre. Immediately Caleb Pusey, with five Friends, hastened unarmed to the scene of anticipated danger. The sachem repelled the calumnious report with indignation; and the little griefs of the tribe were canvassed and assuaged. ‘The great God, who made all mankind, extends his love to Indians and English. The rain and the dews fall alike on the ground of both; the sun shines on us equally; and we ought to love one another.’ Such

1 Votes and Proceedings, 32, &c

2 Doc. in Proud, i. 305.

3 Hazard's Register, III. 104, 105; i. 443.

4 Votes and Proceedings, 35, 36, and 47. ‘Thankful acknowledgment of kindness of God, and council,’ March 19, 1688, passed unanimously

5 Tyson's censure on Chalmers and others, in Mem. P. H. S. II. Part II. p. 140, 141, is to my mind strictly just. It is the language of accurate investigation. The whole ‘Examination’ is a manly paper.

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