claimed a paramount authority.
have seen the Quakers refer the contest for decision to an English commission.
In East New Jersey
, Philip Carteret
had, as the deputy of Sir George, resumed the government, and, gaining popularity by postponing the payment of quitrents, confirmed liberty of conscience with representative government.
A direct trade with England
, unencumbered by customs, was encouraged.
The commerce of New York was endangered by the competition; and, disregarding a second patent from the duke of York
claimed that the ships of New Jersey
should pay tribute at Manhattan
After long altercations, and the arrest of Carteret
, terminated only by the honest verdict of a New York jury, Andros
again entered New Jersey
, to intimidate its assembly by the
royal patent to the duke.
The people of New Jersey
could not, as in the happier Connecticut
, plead an earlier grant from the king.
But when were Puritans at a loss for arguments in favor of freedom?
‘We are the representatives of the freeholders of this province;’ —such was the answer of the assembly;—‘his majesty's patent, though under the gieat seal, we dare not grant to be our rule or joint safety; for the great charter of England
, alias Magna Charta
, is the only rule, privilege, and joint safety of every free-born Englishman.’1
The firmness of the legislature preserved the independence of New Jersey
; the decision of Sir William Jones
protected its people against arbitrary taxation; its prosperity sprung from the miseries of Scotland
The trustees of Sir George Carteret
, tired of the burden