of colonial property, exposed their province to sale;
Chap. XVII.} 1682 Feb. 1 and 2.
and the unappropriated domain, with jurisdiction over the five thousand already planted on the soil, was pur-
chased by an association of twelve Quakers, under the auspices of William Penn
A brief account of the
province was immediately published; and settlers were allured by a reasonable eulogy on its healthful climate and safe harbors, its fisheries and abundant game, its forests and fertile soil, and the large liberties established for the encouragement of adventurers.
Model of the Government of N. J. 146
1682, possession was taken by Thomas Rudyard,1
as temporary deputy-governor; the happy country was already tenanted by ‘a sober, professing people.’
Meantime the twelve proprietors selected each a partner; and, in March, 1683, to the twenty-four, among whom was
the timorous, cruel, iniquitous Perth
, afterwards chancellor of Scotland
, and the amiable, learned, and ingenious Barclay
, who became nominally the governor of the territory, a new and latest patent of East New Jersey
was granted by the duke of York
the largest emigration was expected; and, in 1685, just before embarking for America
with his own family and about two hundred passengers, George Scot of Pitlochie addressed to his countrymen an argument in favor of removing to a country where there was room for a man to flourish without wronging his neighbor.
‘It is judged the interest of the government’—thus he
wrote, apparently with the sanction of men in power—‘to suppress Presbyterian principles altogether; the whole force of the law of this kingdom is levelled at the effectual bearing them down.
The rigorous putting these laws in execution hath in a great part ruined many of those who, notwithstanding ’