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‘ [30] conformity to the Church of England;’ and the letter
Chap. XIX.}
had hardly left the Chesapeake before he found himself thwarted by the impracticable burgesses, dissolving the assembly, and fearing to convene another till opinion should change. But Spotswood, the best in the line of Virginia governors, was soon restored to colonial favor. Like schoolboys of old at a barring out, the Virginians resisted their government, not as ready for independence, but as resolved on a holiday.

The English revolution was a ‘Protestant’ revolution: of the Roman Catholic proprietary of Maryland it sequestered the authority, while it protected the fortunes.

During the absence of Lord Baltimore from his province, his powers had been delegated to nine deputies, over whom William Joseph presided. The spirit that swayed their counsels sprung from the doctrine of legitimacy, which the revolution had prostrated; and they fell with it. Distrusting the people, they provoked opposition by demanding of the assembly, as a qualification of its members, an oath of fidelity to the proprietary. On resistance to the illegal demand, the house was prorogued; and, even after the successful invasion of England became known, the deputies of Lord Baltimore hesitated to proclaim the new sovereigns.

The delay gave birth to an armed association for

1689 April.
asserting the right of King William; and the deputies were easily driven to a garrison on the south side of Patuxent River, about two miles above its mouth. There they capitulated, obtaining security for them-
Aug 1.
selves, and yielding their assent to the exclusion of Papists from all provincial offices. A convention of the associates, ‘for the defence of the Protestant religion,’ assumed the government, and, in an address

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