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[31] to King William, denounced the influence of Jesuits,
Chap XIX.}
the prevalence of Popish idolatry, the connivance by the government at murders of Protestants, and the danger from plots with the French and Indians.

The privy council, after a debate on the address, advised the forfeiture of the charter by a process of law; but King William, heedless of the remonstrances of the proprietary, who could be convicted of no crime

but his creed, and impatient of judicial forms, by his
June 1.
own power constituted Maryland a royal government.
Chalmers's Opinions, 29.
The arbitrary act was sanctioned by a legal opinion
from Lord Holt. In 1692, Sir Lionel Copley arrived with a royal commission, dissolved the convention, assumed the government, and convened an assembly. Its first act recognized William and Mary; its second established the Church of England as the religion of the state, to be supported by general taxation. Thus were the barons of Baltimore superseded for a generation. The ancient capital, inconvenient in its site, was, moreover, tenanted chiefly by Catholics, and surrounded by proprietary recollections: under Protestant auspices, the city sacred to the Virgin Mary was aban-
doned, and Annapolis became the seat of government. The system of a religion of state, earnestly advanced
1694 to 1698
by the boastful eagerness of Francis Nicholson, who passed from Virginia to the government of Maryland, and by the patient, the disinterested, but unhappily too exclusive earnestness of the commissary Thomas Bray, became the settled policy of the government. The first act, as it had contained a clause giving validity in
the colony to the Great Charter of England, was not accepted by the crown. Again, in 1696, the inviolable claim of the colony to English rights and liberties was engrafted by the assembly on the act of establishment;

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