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[145] and delivered to the flames;—and what could the
Chap. XX.}
Jesuits expect of nations who could burn even children with refinements of tortures? ‘Our lives,’ said Mesnard, ‘are not safe.’ In Quebec, and in France, men trembled for the missionaries. They pressed upon the steps of their countrymen, who had been boiled and roasted; they made their home among cannibals; hunger, thirst, nakedness, were to be encountered; nature itself offered trials; and the first colony of the French, making its home near the Lake of Onondaga, and encountering the forest with the axe, suffered from fever before they could prepare their tenements. Border collisions also continued The Oneidas murdered three Frenchmen, and the French retaliated by seizing Iroquois. At last, when
a conspiracy was framed in the tribe of the Onondagas, the French, having vainly solicited reenforcements,
1658. March 19.
abandoned their chapel, their cabins, and their hearths, and the valley of the Oswego. The Mohawks compelled Le Moyne to return; and the French and the Five Nations were once more at war. Such was the
1658, 1659.
issue of the most successful attempt at French colonization in New York. The Dutch of New Amsterdam were to give way to the English; and the union of the English colonies was a guaranty that France could never regain the mastery.

Meantime, the Jesuits reached our country in the far

1654. Aug. 6.
west. In August, 1654, two young fur traders, smitten with the love of adventure, joined a band of the Ottawas, or other Algonquins, and, in their little gondolas of bark, ventured on a voyage of five hundred leagues. After two years, they reappeared, accompanied by a fleet of fifty canoes, urged forward by five hundred
Relation 1655, 6, c. XIV. XV. XVI.
arms. The natives ascend the cliff of St. Louis,

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