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[191] All the tortures that more than four hundred savages
Chap. XXI.}
could inflict on the decrepit old man, extorted from him not one word of weakness: he scoffed always at his tormentors as the slaves of those whom he despised. On receiving mortal wounds, his last words were, ‘You should have taken more time to learn how to meet death manfully! I die contented; for I have no cause for self-reproach.’ Such scenes were enacted at Salina.

After these successes against the Onondagas and Oneidas, it was proposed to go against the Cayugas, but Frontenac refused, as if uncertain of the result: ‘It was time for him to repose;’ and the army returned to Montreal. He had humbled, but not subdued, the Five Nations, and left them to suffer from a famine, yet to recover their lands and their spirit,— having pushed hostilities so far that no negotiations for peace could easily succeed.

The last year of the war was one of especial alarm.

1697
as rumor divulged the purpose of the French king to send out a powerful fleet to devastate the coast of New England, and to conquer New York. But nothing came of it; and the peace of Ryswick occasioned, at least, a suspension of hostilities, though not till the English exchequer had been recruited by means of a great change in the internal and the financial policy of England. The people of Massachusetts, in their wants, authorized an emission of bills on the faith of the state; England accepted from individuals a loan of one and a half million pounds sterling, paying for it eight per cent. per annum, and constituting the subscribers to the loan an incorporated bank of circulation.
1694
The measure extorted a reluctant assent from the financial wants of the government; but, in its character,

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