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In North America, the central colonies of our repub-

Chap. XXI.}
ic scarce knew the existence of war, except as they
were invited to aid in defending the borders, or were sometimes alarmed at a privateer hovering off their coast. The Five Nations, at peace with both France and England, protected New York by a mutual compact of neutrality. South Carolina, bordering on Spanish Florida; New England, which had so often conquered Acadia, and coveted the fisheries; were alone involved in the direct evils of war.

South Carolina began colonial hostilities. Its gov-

1702 Sept.
ernor, James Moore, by the desire of the commons, placed himself at the head of an expedition for the states
S. C. Statutes II. 189, 195.
reduction of St. Augustine. The town was easily rav-
Marston, in Hawks Mss. i. 180
aged; but the garrison retreated to the castle, and the besiegers waited the arrival of heavy artillery. To obtain it, a sloop was sent to Jamaica; but an emissary had already announced the danger to Bienville, at Mobile, who conveyed the intelligence to the Spanish
Martin, i. 158.
viceroy; and, when two Spanish vessels of war appeared near the mouth of the harbor, Moore abandoned his ships and stores, and retreated by land. The colony, burdened with debt, pleaded the precedent ‘of great and rich countries,’ and, confident that
Statutes at large i. 210.
‘funds of credit have fully answered the ends of money, and given the people a quick circulation of their trade and cash,’ issued bills of credit to the amount of six thousand pounds. To Carolina, the
Ramsay, i. 129
first fruits of war were debt and paper money.

This ill success diminished the terror of the Indians. The Spaniards had long occupied the country on the Bay of Appalache; had gathered the natives into towns, built for them churches, and instructed them by missions of Franciscan priests. The traders of

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