In North America
, the central colonies of our repub-
ic scarce knew the existence of war, except as they
were invited to aid in defending the borders, or were sometimes alarmed at a privateer hovering off their coast.
The Five Nations, at peace with both France
, protected New York by a mutual compact of neutrality.
, bordering on Spanish Florida
; New England
, which had so often conquered Acadia
, and coveted the fisheries; were alone involved in the direct evils of war.
began colonial hostilities.
ernor, James Moore
, by the desire of the commons, placed himself at the head of an expedition for the states
reduction of St. Augustine
The town was easily rav-
aged; but the garrison retreated to the castle, and the besiegers waited the arrival of heavy artillery.
To obtain it, a sloop was sent to Jamaica
; but an emissary had already announced the danger to Bienville
, at Mobile
, who conveyed the intelligence to the Spanish
viceroy; and, when two Spanish vessels of war appeared near the mouth of the harbor, Moore
abandoned his ships and stores, and retreated by land.
The colony, burdened with debt, pleaded the precedent ‘of great and rich countries,’ and, confident that
Statutes at large i. 210.
‘funds of credit have fully answered the ends of money, and given the people a quick circulation of their trade and cash,’ issued bills of credit to the amount of six thousand pounds. To Carolina
first fruits of war were debt and paper money.
This ill success diminished the terror of the Indians.
had long occupied the country on the Bay of Appalache
; had gathered the natives into towns, built for them churches, and instructed them by missions of Franciscan priests.
The traders of