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[373] impressions made on them and the inferences
Chap XXIII.}
of reason. Far from being skeptical, he sought to give to faith the highest certainty, by deriving all
Gulian C. Verplanck Sir Jas. Mackintosh. Dugald Stewart Berkeley's Works
knowledge from absolutely perfect intelligence—from God. If he could but ‘expel matter out of nature;’ If, in a materialist age, he could establish the supremacy of spirit as the sole creative power and active being, —then would the slavish or corrupt theories of Epicurus and of Hobbes be cut up by the roots and totally extirpated. Thus he sought ‘gently to unbind the ligaments which chain the soul to the earth, and to assist her flight upwards towards the sovereign good.’ For the application of such views, Europe of the eighteenth century offered no theatre. He longed to divest himself of European dignities; and, regarding ‘the well-being of all men of all nations’ as the design in which the actions of each individual should concur, he repaired to the new hemisphere to found a university. The Island of Bermuda, so famed in Europe for its delicious climate, at first selected as its site, was abandoned for a spot within our America, of which he was for more than two years a resident. But opinion in England did not favor his design. ‘From the labor and luxury of the plantations,’ it was said, ‘great advantages may ensue to the mother
Keith's Virginia, 187.
country; yet the advancement of literature, and the improvement in arts and sciences in our American colonies, can never be of any service to the British state.’ Such seems to have been the opinion of Sir Robert Wapole. The funds that had been regarded as pledged to the university,—in which Indians were to be trained in wisdom, missionaries educated for works of good, science and truth cherished, pursued, and disseminated,—were diverted to pay the dowry of the

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