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[463] were accepted; on the seventeenth of June, the
Chap. XXIV.}
city, the fort, the batteries, were surrendered; and a New England minister soon preached in the French
chapel. As the troops, entering the fortress, beheld the strength of the place, their hearts, for the first time, sunk within them. ‘God has gone out of the way of his common providence,’ said they, ‘in a re-
Wolcott Pomroy
markable and almost miraculous manner, to incline the hearts of the French to give up, and deliver this strong city into our hands.’ When the news of success reached Boston, the bells of the town were rung mer-
July 3.
rily, and all the people were in transports of joy. Thus did the strongest fortress of North America capitulate to an army of undisciplined New England mechanics, and farmers, and fishermen. It was the greatest success achieved by England during the war.

The capture of Louisburg seemed to threaten a

transfer of the scene of earnest hostilities to America. France planned its recovery, and the desolation of the English colonies; but, in 1746, the large fleet from France, under the command of the duke d'anville, wasted by storms and shipwrecks, and pestilential disease; enfeebled by the sudden death of its commander, and the delirium and suicide of his successor,—did not even attack Annapolis. In the next year, the French
fleet, with troops destined for Canada and Nova Scotia, was encountered by Anson and Warren; and all its intrepidity could not save it from striking its colors. The American colonies suffered only on the frontier. Fort Massachusetts, in Williamstown, the post nearest to Crown Point, having but twenty-two men for its garrison, capitulated to a large body of French and In-
1746 Aug. 20.
dians. In the wars of Queen Anne, Deerfield and Haverhill were the scenes of massacre. It marks the

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