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[247] him. But Pitt, after a three hours interview, gave
chap. X.} 1756.
him a totally negative answer. ‘The great obstacles,’ says Hardwicke, ‘were the Duke of Newcastle and his measures; and without a change of both, 'tis impossible for him to come.’1 Newcastle next sought comfort from the king; insisting that there was nothing alleged against him but conducting the war according to the king's own desire; so that he himself was about to become a victim to his loyalty.2 But Pitt, who had never before waited upon Lady Yarmouth, now counterworked the duke by making a Long visit to the king's mistress. The duke attempted to enlist Egremont, offered power to Granville, and at last, having still an undoubted majority in the House of Commons, the great leader of the Whig aristocracy was compelled to recognise the power of opinion in England as greater than his own, and most reluctantly resigned. The Whig party, which had ruled since the accession of the House of Hanover, had yet never possessed the affections of the people of England and no longer enjoyed its confidence; and at the very height of its power, sunk down in the midst of its worshippers.3

In December William Pitt, the man of the people, the sincere lover of liberty, having on his side the English nation, of which he was the noblest representative and type, was commissioned to form a ministry. In this he was aided by the whole influence of Leicester House; he found the Earl of Bute ‘transcendingly obliging;’ and from the young heir to the throne, ‘expressions’ were repeated, ‘so decisive of ’

1 Hardwicke to his Eldest Son, 21 Oct. 1756. The interview with Pitt was on the 19th.

2 Newcastle to Hardwicke, 20 Oct. 1756.

3 W. C. Bryant's Poems.

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