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[301] surrendered. But Lord Howe, foremost in the skir-
chap. XIII.} 1758.
mish, was the first to fall, expiring immediately. The grief of his fellow-soldiers and the confusion that followed his death, spoke his eulogy; Massachusetts soon after raised his monument in Westminster Abbey; America long cherished his memory.

The English passed the following night under arms in the forest. On the morning of the seventh, Abercrombie had no better plan than to draw back to the landing-place. An hour before noon, Bradstreet, with a strong detachment, rebuilt the bridges, and took possession of the ground near the saw-mills; on which the general joined him with the whole army, and encamped that night not more than a mile and a half from the enemy.

Early the next day, Abercrombie sent Clerk, the chief engineer, across the outlet to reconnoitre the French lines, which he reported to be of flimsy construction, strong in appearance only. Stark, of New Hampshire, as well as some English officers, with a keener eye and sounder judgment, saw well finished preparations of defence. But the general, apprehending that Montcalm already commanded six thousand men, and that De Levi was hastening to join him with three thousand more, gave orders, without waiting for cannon to be brought up, to storm the breastworks that very day. For that end, a triple line was formed out of reach of cannon-shot; the first consisted, on the left, of the rangers; in the centre, of the boatmen; on the right, of the light infantry; the second, of provincials, with wide openings between their regiments; the third, of the regulars. Troops of Connecticut and New Jersey formed a rear guard. During these arrangements, Sir William Johnson arrived with foul

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