was eager for battle; being willing to risk all his
hopes on the issue.
He saw that the eastern bank of the Montmorenci was higher than the ground occupied by Montcalm
, and, on the ninth of July, he crossed the north channel and encamped there; but the armies and their chiefs were still divided by the river precipitating itself down its rocky way in impassable eddies and rapids.
Three miles in the interior, a ford was found; but the opposite bank was steep, woody, and well intrenched.
Not a spot on the line of the Montmorenci for miles into the interior, nor on the St. Lawrence
, was left unprotected by the vigilance of the inaccessible Montcalm
The general proceeded to reconnoitre the shore above the town.
In concert with Saunders
, on the eighteenth of July, he sailed along the well defended bank from Montmorenci to the St. Charles
; he passed the deep and spacious harbor, which, at four hundred miles from the sea, can shelter a hundred ships of the line; he neared the high cliff of Cape Diamond
, towering like a bastion over the waters, and surmounted by the banner of the Bourbons; he coasted along the craggy wall of rock that extends beyond the citadel; he marked the outline of the precipitous hill that forms the north bank of the river,—and every where he beheld a natural fastness, vigilantly defended, intrenchments, cannon, boats, and floating batteries guarding every access.
Had a detachment landed between the city and Cape Rouge, it would have encountered the danger of being cut off before it could receive support.
He would have risked a landing at St. Michael's Cove, three miles above the city, but the enemy prevented