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[369] isle to isle; the bards of England would find ‘hear-
chap. XVI.} 1760.
ers in every zone,’ and in the admiration of genius continent respond to continent.

Pitt would not weigh the West India islands against half a hemisphere; he desired to retain them both; but being overruled in the cabinet he held fast to Canada. The liberties of the English in America were his delight; he made it his glory to extend the boundaries throughout which they were to be enjoyed; and yet, at that very time the Board of Trade retained the patronage and internal administration of the colonies, and were persuaded more than ever of the necessity of radical changes in the government in favor of the central authority. While they waited for peace as the proper season for their interference, Thomas Pownall, the Governor of Massachusetts, a statesman who had generous feelings, but no logic, flashes of sagacity, but no clear comprehension, who from inclination associated with liberal men, even while he framed plans for strengthening the prerogative, affirmed, and many times reiterated, that the independence of America was certain, and near at hand. ‘Not for centuries,’ replied Hutchinson, who knew the strong affection of New England for the home of its fathers.1

But the Lords of Trade shared the foreboding. In every province, the people, from design, or from their nature and position, seemed gradually confirming their sway. Virginia, once ‘so orderly,’ had assumed the right of equitably adjusting the emoluments secured by law to the Church. In 1759, Sherlock,

1 See Hutchinson to T. Pownall, 8 March, 1766, where Pownall is reminded of the prophecy.

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