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[389] king; ‘only a little time must be allowed for the
chap. XVII.} 1760. Dec.
madness of popularity to cool.’ But from that day forward, ‘popularity,’ as the influence and power of the people were sometimes called by the public men of England, was the movement of the age, which could as little be repressed as Providence dethroned; and George, who hated it almost to madness, was the instrument chosen by Heaven to accelerate that movement, till it proceeded with a force which involved the whole human race, and could not be checked by all the weight of ancient authority.

The king was eager to renounce the connection

1761. Jan.
with Prussia, and to leave that kingdom to meet its own ruin, while he negotiated separately with France; but Pitt prevailed with the cabinet to renew the annual treaty with Frederic, and with parliament to vote the subsidy without a question. ‘He has no thought of abandoning the continent,’ said Bute, in January; ‘he is madder than ever.’ But Newcastle, clinging fondly to office, and aware of the purposes of the king, shrunk from sustaining the secretary, and professed himself most sincerely desirous of peace, most willing to go any length to obtain it. Pitt, on his part, never ceased to despise the feebleness, and never forgave the treachery of Newcastle. ‘They neither are nor can be united,’ said Bute; and early in January, 1761, his friends urged him ‘to put himself at the head, in a great office of business, and to take the lead.’

But Newcastle began also to be conscious of his own want of favor. He had complained to Bedford, who despised him, ‘of the very little weight he had in the closet, and of the daily means used to let him have as little in the coming parliament, and talked of ’

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