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Chapter 18:

The Acts of Trade provoke Revolution.—the remodelling of the colonial governments


Lord Barrington, who was but an echo of the
chap. XVIII.} 1761.
opinions of the king, approved the resignation of Pitt, as ‘important’ and ‘fortunate;’ Dodington, now raised to the peerage as the ostentatious and childless lord Melcombe, ‘wished Bute joy of being delivered of a most impracticable colleague, his Majesty of a most imperious servant, and the country of a most dangerous minister.’ But Bute at the moment had misgivings; for he saw that his own ‘situation was become more perilous.’

The Earl of Egremont, Pitt's successor, was a son of the illustrious Windham, of a Tory family, himself both weak and passionate, and of infirm health; George Grenville, the husband of his sister, renounced well-founded aspirations to the speaker's chair for a sinecure, and, remaining in the ministry, still agreed ‘to do his best’ in the House; while Bedford became Lord Privy Seal.

Peace was an immediate object of the king; and as the letters of Bristol, the English minister at Madrid,

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