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[45]

The execution of this design, which the Duke of

chap. II.} 1749.
Cumberland, Pelham, and Henry Fox assisted in maturing, devolved on Halifax. Invitations went through Europe to invite Protestants from the continent to emigrate to the British colonies. The Moravian brethren1 were attracted by the promise of exemption from oaths and military service. The goodwill of New England was encouraged by care for its fisheries; and American whalemen, stimulated by the promise of enjoying an equal bounty2 with the British, learned to follow their game among the icebergs of the Greenland seas. But the main burden of securing Nova Scotia fell on the British treasury. While the General Court of Massachusetts,3 through their agent in England, sought to prevent the French from possessing any harbor whatever in the Bay of Fundy, or west of it on the Atlantic, proposals were made, in March, 1749, to disbanded officers and soldiers and marines, to accept and occupy lands in Acadia; and before the end of June, more than fourteen hundred persons,4 under the auspices of the British parliament, were conducted by Colonel Edward Cornwallis, a brother of Lord Cornwallis, into Chebucto harbor. There, on a cold and sterile soil, covered to the water's edge with one continued forest of spruce and pine, whose thick underwood and gloomy shade hid rocks and the rudest wilds, with no clear spot to be seen or heard of, rose the first town of English origin east of the Penobscot.5

1 22 Geo. II., c. XXX.

2 22 George II., c. XLV.

3 Instructions to Massachusetts Agent, 26 June, 1749.

4 Lords of Trade to Cornwallis, 15 May, 1749.

5 Hon. Col. Cornwallis to Lords of Trade, 22 June, 1749, and 20 August, 1749.

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