begged ‘that no breach might be made in any of the
territories of the crown on the’ American ‘continent.’
It was on occasion of transmitting this address, that Shirley
developed his system.
To the Duke
he recommended the erecting and garrisoning of frontier ‘fortresses, under the direction of the king's engineers and officers.’
‘A tax for their maintenance,’ he urged, ‘should be laid by parliament upon the colonies, without which it will not be done.’
From the prosperous condition of America
, he argued, that ‘making the British
subjects on this continent contribute towards their common security could not be thought laying a burden;’ and he cited the Acts of Trade and the duty laid on foreign sugars imported into the northern colonies, as precedents that established the reasonableness of his proposal.
's associates in New York were equally persevering.
The seventh day of May, 1749, brought to them ‘the agreeable news, that all went flowingly on’2
as they had desired.
Knowing that Bedford
, and Halifax
had espoused their cause, they convened the legislature.
But it was in vain.
‘The faithful representatives of the people,’ thus spoke the Assembly of New York in July, ‘can never recede from the method of an annual support.’
‘I know well,’ rejoined the governor, ‘the present sentiments of his Majesty's ministers; and you might have guessed at them by the bill lately brought into parliament ’