mines grudged to America
a share of the market for
the rough material; the tanners, from the threatened inaction of the English
furnaces, feared a diminished supply of bark; the clergy and gentry foreboded injury to the price of woodlands.1
The importation of bar iron
from the colonies was therefore limited to the port of London
, which already had its supply from abroad.
The ironmongers and smiths of Birmingham
thought well of importing bars of iron free, but, from.
‘compassion’ to the ‘many thousand families in the kingdom’ who otherwise ‘must be ruined,’ they prayed that ‘the American
people’ might be subject not to the proposed restrictions only, but to such others ‘as may secure for ever the trade to this country.’
Some would have admitted the raw material from no colony where its minute manufacture was carried on. The House
even divided on the proposal, that every slitting-mill in America
should be demolished; and the clause failed only by a majority of twenty-two.
But an immediate return was required of every mill already existing, and the number was never to be increased2
There was no hope that this prohibition would ever be repealed.3
did not know the indignation thus awakened in the villages of America
Yet the royalist, Kennedy
, a member of the Council of New York, and an advocate for parliamentary taxation, publicly urged on the ministry,4
that ‘liberty and encouragement ’