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[75] the authority of the British parliament, were alike
chap. III.} 1750.
developed in connection with the necessity of resisting encroachments on the side of Canada. The unity of the French system of administration promised success by ensuring obedience to ‘one council and one voice.’1 To counteract their designs effectually along the whole frontier, the best minds in New York, and in other provinces, were busy in devising methods for, ‘uniting the colonies on the main;’ for, unless this were done, Ohio would be lost. Of all the Southern provinces, South Carolina was most ready to join with the rest of the continent.2 Doubting whether union could be effected ‘without an immediate application to his Majesty for that purpose,’ the Council of New York, after mature and repeated deliberation on Indian affairs, still determined, that the governor ‘should write to all the governors upon the continent,3 that have Indian nations in their alliance, to invite commissioners from their respective governments’ to meet the savage chiefs at Albany. But, from what Clinton called ‘the penurious4 temper of American assemblies,’ this invitation was not generally accepted,5 though it forms one important step in the progress of America towards union.

While Pennsylvania, in strife with its proprietaries, neglected its western frontier, the Ohio Company of Virginia, profiting by the intelligence of Indian hunters,6 who had followed every stream to its headspring

1 Clinton to Governor of Pennsylvania, 8 October, 1750.

2 Letters of Glen, Governor of South Carolina, to Clinton, and of Clinton to Glen, July–December, 1750, in the New York London Documents, XXX.

3 Letter of Clinton's Secretary, Ayscough, Fort George, 11 December, 1750. Clinton to Governor of Pennsylvania, 19 June, 1751, &c.

4 Clinton to the Board of Trade.

5 Belcher of New Jersey to Clinton, 18 April, 1751. Belcher's Letter Books, VII. 78, 79, 117.

6 Washington's Writings, II. 802.

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