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[85] was still the main-spring in their system.
chap. IV.} 1751.
With Bedford's approbation,1 they advised the appointment of a new governor for New York, with a stricter commission and instructions; the New York legislature should be ordered to grant a permanent revenue, to be disbursed by royal officers, and sufficient for Indian presents, as well as for the civil list. At the same time, it was resolved to obtain an American revenue by acts of parliament.2 The excessive discriminating duties in favor of the British West Indies, ‘given and granted’ in 1733, on the products of the Foreign West India Islands, imported into the continental colonies, were prohibitory in their character, and had never been collected. England, which thought itself able to make such a grant, to be levied in ports of a thinly inhabited continent, could never give effect to the statute; and did but discipline America to dispute its supreme authority. The trade continued to be pursued with no more than an appearance of disguise; and Newcastle, who had escaped from the solicitations and importunities of the British West Indians by conceding the law, had also avoided the reproaches of the colonists by never enforcing it.

This forbearance is, in part, also, to be ascribed to the moderation of character of Sir Robert Walpole. He rejected the proposition for a colonial stamp-tax, being content with the tribute to British wealth from colonial commerce; and he held that the American evasions of the acts of trade, by enriching the colonies, did but benefit England, which was their final mart. The policy was generous and safe; but can a

1 Thos. Penn to Gov. Hamilton, 30 March, 1751.

2 Mss. of William Bollan.

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