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[87] variance with his superior. The former was eager to
chap. IV.} 1751.
foster the settlement of Nova Scotia at every hazard; Bedford desired to be frugal of the public money, and was also honestly inclined to maintain peace with France. The governor of that colony1 had written impatiently for ships of war; and Halifax in the most earnest and elaborate official papers had seconded his entreaties;2 but Bedford was dissatisfied at the vastness of the sums lavished on the new plantation, and was, moreover, fixed in the purpose of leaving to the pending negotiation an opportunity of success. He was supported by the Admiralty, at which Sandwich was his friend; while Newcastle, with his timorous brother, enforced the opinions of Halifax. The intrigue in the cabinet had come to maturity. Bedford's neglect of the forms of office had vexed the king; his independence of character had paid no deference to the king's mistress. Sandwich was dismissed from the Admiralty. Admitted in June to an audience at court, Bedford inveighed long and vehemently against his treacherous colleague, and resigned.3 His successor was the Earl of Holdernesse, a very courtly peer, proud of his rank, formal, and of talents which could not excite Newcastle's jealousy, or alarm America for its liberties. The disappointed Halifax, not yet admitted to the cabinet, was consoled by obtaining a promise, that the whole patronage and correspondence of the colonies should be vested in his Board. The increase of their powers might invigorate their schemes for regulating America; for which, however, no energetic system of adminstration

1 Cornwallis to Lords of Trade, 30 Sept. and 27 Nov., 1750.

2 Halifax and Lords of Trade to Bedford, 16 Jan. and 7 March, 1751.

3 Hardwicke in Coxe's Pelham Administration, II. 189.

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