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[115] which was one day to lead to momentous conse-
chap. V.} 1754.
quences, more and more definitively formed.

Pennsylvania, like Maryland, fell into a strife with the proprietaries, and, incensed at their parsimony, the province, at that time, perfected no grant, although the French were within its borders, and were preparing to take possession of all that part of it that lay west of the Alleghany. Ignorant of the unequivocal orders to Virginia, they seized on the strict injunctions of Holdernesse, in his circular, ‘not to make use of armed force, excepting within the undoubted limits of his Majesty's dominions;’ of which they thought ‘it would be highly presumptuous in them to judge.’

In April, the Assembly of New York voted a thousand pounds to Virginia, but declined assisting to repel the French from a post which lay within the proprietary domain of Pennsylvania.1 The Assembly of New Jersey would not even send commissioners to the congress at Albany. In the universal reluctance of the single colonies, all voices began to demand a union. ‘A gentle land-tax,’ said Kennedy, through the press of New York and of London, ‘a gentle land-tax, being the most equitable, must be our last resort.’ He looked forward with hope to the congress at Albany, but his dependence was on the parliament; for ‘with parliament there would be no contending. And when their hands are in,’ he added, ‘who knows but that they may lay the foundation of a regular government amongst us, by fixing ’

1 New York Assembly Journals for April, 1754. Smith's New York, II. 173.

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