that the colonies would then be virtually taxed by a
congress of governors.
The sources of revenue suggested in debate were a duty on spirits and a general stamp-tax.1
At length after much debate, in which Franklin
manifested consummate address, the commissioners agreed on the proposed confederacy ‘pretty unanimously.’
‘It is not altogether to my mind,’ said Franklin
, giving an account of the result; ‘but it is as I could get it,’2
and copies were ordered, that every member might ‘lay the plan of union before his constituents for consideration;’ a copy was also to be transmitted to the governor of each colony not represented in the congress.
colonies in their infancy had given birth to a confederacy.
, in 1697, had proposed an annual congress of all the provinces on the continent of America
, with power to regulate commerce.
revived the great idea, and breathed into it enduring life.
As he descended the Hudson
, the people of New York thronged about him to welcome him;3
and he, who had first entered their city as a runaway apprentice, was revered as the mover of American union.
Yet the system was not altogether acceptable either to Great Britain
or to America
The fervid attachment of each colony to its own individual liberties repelled the overruling influence of a central power.
rejected it; even New York showed it little favor; Massachusetts
charged her agent to oppose