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[177] the Atlantic, and leave the intermediate country to
chap. VII.} 1755.
the St. Lawrence a neutral desert. Proposals so unreasonable could meet with no acceptance; yet both parties professed a desire—in which France appears to have been sincere—to investigate and arrange all disputed points. The credulous diplomatist put trust in the assurances1 of friendly intentions, which Newcastle lavished upon him, and Louis the Fifteenth, while he sent three thousand men to America, held himself ready to sacrifice for peace all but honor and the protection due to his subjects;2 consenting that New England should reach on the east to the Penobscot, and be divided from Canada on the north by the crest of the intervening highlands.3

While the negotiations were pending, Braddock arrived in the Chesapeake. In March, he reached Williamsburg, and visited Annapolis; on the fourteenth day of April, he, with Commodore Keppel, held a congress at Alexandria. There were present, of the American governors, Shirley, now next to Braddock in military rank; Delancey, of New York; Morris, of Pennsylvania; Sharpe, of Maryland; and Dinwiddie, of Virginia. Braddock directed their attention, first of all, to the subject of colonial revenue,4 on which his instructions commanded him to insist, and his anger kindled ‘that no such fund was already established.’ The governors present, recapitulating their strifes with their assemblies, made answer, ‘Such a fund can never be established in the colonies without the aid of parliament. Having ’

1 Stanley to Pitt, in Thackeray's Chatham, II. 581.

2 Instructions to Varin, N. Y. Paris Documents, XI. 2.

3 Secret Instructions to Vandreuil, 1 April, 1754, Ibid. x. 8.

4 H. Sharpe to Lord Baltimore, 19 April, 1754.

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