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[228] ‘from the Quakers to receive in money
chap. IX.} 1756.
their share of assistance;’ and ‘to keep the Five Nations firm in friendship.’ ‘Rewards’ were to be given ‘for all executions done by the Indians on the enemy, and the scalps they should bring in to be well paid for.’1

In 1721, this plan of a military dictatorship was, in a most elaborate state paper, revived and modified. All the provinces were to be placed ‘under the government of one lord-lieutenant or captain-general,’ to be ‘constantly attended by two or more councillors deputed from each plantation,’ and to ‘have a fixed salary independent of the pleasure of the inhabitants.’ ‘By this means, it was thought, a general contribution of men or money might be raised upon the several colonies, in proportion to their respective abilities.’2 How an American revenue was to flow from such an appointment was not fully disclosed. At that time the Earl of Stair3 was selected as viceroy; but he declined the post before the arrangements were completed. The plan was now to be partially carried into effect. On the instance of Cumberland and Fox, Shirley was superseded and ordered to return to England, and the Earl of Loudoun, a friend of Halifax, passionately zealous for the subordination and inferiority of the colonies, was appointed commander-in-chief of the army throughout the British continental provinces in America. His dignity was enhanced by his appointment as governor of the central, ancient, and populous dominion of Virginia.

1 Plantations General, A. 59.

2 See the elaborate Representation of the Lords of Trade to the King, 1721. N. Y. Lon. Documents.

3 The Earl of Stair's Plan of Government, is in the British Museum.

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