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[197] Calvinist's assurance of his election. For himself and
chap X.} 1764 May.
for others, he held that all sorrows and all losses were to be encountered, rather than that liberty should perish. Such was his deep devotion, such his inflexibility and courage, he may be called the last of the Puritans, and seemed destined to win for his country

The victory of endurance born.

On his motion and in his words, Boston, while it still set forth its acknowledged dependence upon Great Britain, and the ready submission of its merchants to all just and necessary regulations of trade, asserted its rights and privileges, whether held by charter or by birth. ‘There is no room for delay,’ said the town to its representatives. ‘Those unexpected proceedings may be preparatory to more extensive taxation; for if our trade may be taxed why not our lands and every thing we possess? If taxes are laid upon us in any shape, without our having a legal representation where they are laid, are we not reduced from the character of free subjects to the miserable state of tributary slaves? This annihilates our charter right to govern and tax ourselves. We claim British rights, not by charter only; we are born to them. Use your endeavors that the weight of the other North American colonies may be added to that of this province, that by united application all may happily obtain redress.’ Thus the town of Boston denied the right of the British parliament to tax America, and looked for redress to a union of all the colonies.

At New-York the arrival of the English packet was awaited with unusual interest. When it came

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