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[230] bounties to the Americans, as offsets to the intended
chap. XI.} 1765. Jan.
taxation. ‘If one bounty,’ said he to them, ‘will not do, I will add two; if two will not do, I will add three.’1 He wished to act smoothly in the matter; but he was firmly resolved ‘to establish as undoubted the authority of the British legislature in all cases whatsoever.’

The purpose found its warmest advocate in Charles Townshend. In the debates on the forces to be kept up in the navy and the army, he spoke for the largest numbers; ‘for the colonies,’ said he, ‘are not to be emancipated.’2

Grenville was more obstinate and more cool,

abounding in gentle words. The agents of the colonies had several meetings among themselves; and on Saturday, the second of February, Franklin, with Ingersoll, Jackson and Garth, as agents for Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and South Carolina, waited on the minister, to remonstrate in behalf of America, against taxation of the colonies by parliament, and to propose, that if they were to be taxed, they might be invited to tax themselves. ‘I take no pleasure,’ replied he, ‘in bringing upon myself their resentments: it is the duty of my office to manage the revenue. I have really been made to believe that, considering the whole circumstances of the mother country and the colonies, the latter can and ought to pay something to the common cause. I know of no better way than that now pursuing to lay such tax. If you can tell of a better, I will adopt it.’ Franklin pleaded for the usual

1 Grenville, in Cavendish Debates, i. 404.

2 Walpole to Hertford, 27 Jan. 1765. Walpole's Geo. III., II. 46, 47.

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