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[263] warmly took up the cause of the ministers; they
chap. XII.} 1765. May 20.
cheered Halifax as he declared, that he who should dare to advise the king to dismiss Bedford, would be the detestation of every honest man in the nation and be held in abomination for ever; and under strong excitement, making Bedford's persecution their own, they voted unanimously an address to the king for a proclamation against the riots.

The king, nevertheless, sent once more a messenger to Pitt; but he perceived that the moment was not propitious to his return to power, since the old ministers were turned out for no other reason than insisting that the employments and councils of state should not be separated.

One last effort was made to form an administration, with Lyttelton at the head of the treasury, and Charles Townshend as chancellor of the exchequer. But Lyttelton was too conscious of his weakness, to listen to the offer; and Townshend, laughing it to scorn, reserved himself for the paymaster's place, which, two days after, he accepted.

On Tuesday, the twenty-first, the king was in des-

pair; and, though the old ministry was sustained by parliament, and at that moment by public opinion, he would yet have put ‘in their places any mortal who could have carried on business.’ Cumberland hated Grenville; but he knew no remedy, and advised his nephew to submit.

The king next attempted to divide the ministers. ‘I had a design to change my government,’ said he to Grenville; ‘but it is over now.’ And then artfully referring to the differences that had existed between Grenville and other members of the cabinet,

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