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A peerage was conferred on Pratt, who took the

chap. XV.} 1765. July.
name of Camden; though Rockingham was averse to his advancement. But it was through Rockingham himself, that Lord George Sackville, who had been degraded while Pitt was minister, was restored to a seat at the Council Board, and raised to one of the lucrative vicetreasurerships of Ireland.

Thus was an administration, whose policy had been sanctioned by large and increasing majorities in parliament, and by the most cordial approbation of the king, avowedly turned out, to gratify his personal disgust at its exercising its constitutional right to control him in the use of the court favor. The new cabinet did not include one man of commanding ability, nor had it a single measure to propose to the crown, to the nation, or to the colonies; nor did it possess the confidence of parliament, in which its want of debating talent stamped its character with weakness. Grenville, in revenge, sullenly predicted to his friends, that every day would produce difficulties in the colonies, and with foreign powers.

‘Within the last twelve years,’ wrote Voltaire at that time, ‘there has been a marked revolution in the public mind. Light is certainly spreading on all sides.’ George the Third, without intending it, promoted the revolution which Voltaire anxiously awaited, and hastened results affecting America and the world, of which neither Voltaire nor himself had any preconception.

The new ministry did not enter upon their career with any purpose of repealing or changing the stamp act. Many of those whose support was essential to them, among others, Northington, who remained in

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