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[332] ‘to show a confidence in the people.’ But Colden,
chap. XVII.} 1765. Sept.
emboldened by the arrival of two artillery companies from England, put the fort in such a state of offence and defence, as to be able to boast alike to Conway1 and Amherst,2 that he had ‘effectually discouraged’ sedition. ‘The people here will soon come to better temper, after taxes become more familiar to them,’ wrote an officer3 who had been sent to America, on a tour of observation. ‘I will cram the stamps down their throats with the end of my sword,’4 cried the braggart James, major of artillery, as he busied himself with bringing into the fort more field-pieces, as well as powder, shot, and shells.5 ‘If they attempt to rise, I,’ he gave out, ‘will drive them all out of the town for a pack of rascals, with four-and-twenty men.’6 But the press of New-York continued its daring. From denying the right of parliament to tax the colonies, it proceeded to doubt its legislative authority over America altogether. On the twentyfirst day of September, a paper called ‘The Constitutional Courant’ made its appearance, and ‘join or die’ was its motto. ‘Join or Die’ was echoed from one end of the continent to the other.

1 Colden to Conway, 23 Sept.

2 Colden to Amherst, 10 Oct.

3 King's Lib. Ms. 213. The author seems to have been Lord Adam Gordon.

4 James to Colden, giving an account of his examination before Parliament. Letter from N. Y. in S. C. Gazette.

5 A. Golden to C. Golden, Sept. 1765.

6 James's Account of his Examination.

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