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‘ [338] to make; we follow as they shall lead.’ ‘I waged
chap. XVIII} 1765
this war,’ said Pontiac, ‘because, for two years together, the Delawares and Shawnees begged me to take up arms against the English. So I became their ally, and was of their mind;’ and resisting no longer, he who was in a manner adored by the nations round about, plighted his word for peace, and kept1 it with integrity and humanity.

A just curiosity may ask, how many persons of foreign lineage had gathered in the valley of the Illinois since its discovery by the missionaries. Fraser was told that there were of white men, able to bear arms, seven hundred; of white women, five hundred; of their children, eight hundred and fifty; of negroes of both sexes, nine hundred;2 The banks of the Wabash, we learn from another source, were occupied by about one hundred and ten French families, most of which were at Vincennes.3 Fraser sought to overawe the French traders with the menace of an English army that was to come among them. But they laughed him to scorn, pointing to the Mississippi, which they could so easily cross, and beyond which they would be safe from English jurisdiction. As he embarked for New Orleans, Pontiac again gave him assurances of continuing peace, if the Shawnees and other nations on the Ohio would recall their war-belts.

Already Croghan, an Indian agent, was on his way from Fort Pitt to Illinois, attended with Shawnese deputies. As he approached the Wabash, his party was attacked and plundered by a band of Indians of that river, who killed two of his own men

1 Fraser to Gage, 18 May.

2 Fraser to Gage, 15 May.

3 Croghan, in Craig's Olden Time, and in Mann Butler's Kentucky. Gage to Halifax, 10 Aug.

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