Such acts as infringed upon the rights of that charter
were always repealed. We have the same confidence in the rectitude of the present parliament. To require submission to an act as a preliminary to granting relief from the unconstitutional burdens of it, supposes such a wanton exercise of mere arbitrary power as ought never to be surmised of the patrons of liberty and justice. The charter of the province invests the General Assembly with the power of making laws for its internal government and taxation; and this charter has never yet been forfeited. There are certain original inherent rights belonging to the people, which the parliament itself cannot divest them of: among these is the right of representation in the body which exercises the power of taxation. There is a necessity that the subjects of America should exercise this power within themselves, for they are not represented in parliament, and indeed we think it impracticable. To suppose an indisputable right in parliament to tax the subject without their consent, includes the idea of a despotic power. The people of this province have a just value for their inestimable rights, which are derived to all men from nature, and are happily interwoven in the British constitution. They esteem it sacrilege ever to give them up; and rather than lose them, they would willingly part with every thing else. The Stamp Act wholly cancels the very conditions upon which our ancestors, with much toil and blood, and at their sole expense, settled this country, and enlarged his majesty's dominions. It tends to destroy that mutual confidence and affection, as well
chap. XIX.} 1765. Oct.
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