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[359] their assembly on the twenty-sixth of November. On
chap. XIX.} 1765. Nov.
that morning all the papers of the Congress, the declaration of rights, and the addresses were read; in an evening session, they were all adopted without change, by a vote which wanted but one of being unanimous; they were signed by the speaker, and put on board the Charming Charlotte, a fine ship riding in the harbor with its sails bent; and the next morning, while the assembly were signifying, in the most ample and obliging manner, their satisfaction at the conduct of their agents, it stood away, with swelling canvas, for England, bearing the evidence that South Carolina gave its heart unreservedly to the cause of freedom and union.

‘Nothing will save us,’ wrote Gadsden, ‘but acting together; the province that endeavors to act separately must fall with the rest, and be branded besides with everlasting infamy.’

The people of North Carolina1 would neither receive a stamp man, nor tolerate the use of a stamp, nor suffer its ports to be closed. The meeting of its legislature was so long prorogued, that it could not join in the application of the Congress; but had there been need of resorting to arms, ‘the whole force of North Carolina was ready to join in protecting the rights of the continent.’2 It was the same throughout the country. Wherever a jealousy was roused, that a stamp officer might exercise his functions, the people were sure to gather about him, and compel him to renew his resignation under oath, or solemnly before witnesses. 3

1 Letter from South Carolina, 2 Dec. 1765.

2 Gadsden to Garth, Dec. 1765.

3 Tryon to Conway, 26 Dec.

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