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[414] with derision the small number of the visionaries. As
chap. XXII.} 1766. Feb.
for Camden himself, they said Mansfield had utterly prostrated him.1

Even while Mansfield was explaining to the House of Lords, that the American theory of representation included in its idea a thorough reform of the British House of Commons, George the Third was led to offer a pension of a hundred guineas a year to the Genevese republican, Jean Jacques Rousseau, who had just then arrived in England, a fugitive from France, where his works were condemned to be burned by the hands of the executioner, and he himself was in peril of arrest and indefinite imprisonment. The drift of his writings was not well understood, and no one foreboded the extent of their influence. But he was come among a people very unlike himself, and the illusion that hung round the celebrated author soon gave way to disgust at his vile connections, and indifference to the sorrows of his sensitive and suspicious nature. Some, even, who should have spared the infirmities of the wretched man, ungenerously exposed him to public contempt. So he pined in neglect, no object of terror to the aristocracy or the crown. Yet the exile, then writhing under the pangs of wounded vanity, was to stand forth in the world's history more conspicuously than Mansfield. The one cherished feudalism as the most perfect form of government that had ever been devised; the other pleaded for its destruction, as an unjust and absurd system, in which the human race was degraded, and the name of man was in dishonor. Both hurried forward revolution; the counsels of the former drove America to form for the world's example

1 De Guerchy au Duc de Praslin, 4 Fevrier, 1766.

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