proper, met with turbulent resistance.
No one utter-
ed a word for America.
The bill for raising a revenue there was quietly read twice and committed.1
But yet ‘this matter,’ observed Calvert
, ‘may be obstructed under a Scotch premier minister, the Earl
of Bute, against whom a strong party is forming.’
The ministry itself was crumbling.
The king was Bute's friend; but his majority in ‘the king's parliament’ was broken and unmanageable.
The city of London
, the old aristocracy, the House of Lords, the mass of the House of Commons, the people of Eng land, the people of the colonies, the cabinet, all disliked him; the politicians, whose friendship he thought to have secured by favor, gave him no hearty support; nearly every member of the cabinet which he himself had formed was secretly or openly against him. ‘The ground I tread upon,’ said he, ‘is hollow;’2
he might well be ‘afraid of falling;’ and if he persisted, of injuring the king by his fall.
made haste to retire from the cabinet; and his bill for raising a revenue in the plantations was, on the twenty-ninth of March,3
Had Bute continued longer at the head of affairs, the government must soon have been at the mercy of a successful opposition:4
had he made way unreservedly for a sole minister in his stead, the aristocratic party might have recovered and long retained the entire control of the administration.5
By his instances to retire, made a half a year before, the king had been so troubled, that he frequently sat for hours together