previous next
[107] the public revenue, and in its expenditure to found
CHAP VI.} 1763. April.
a system of frugality. America, with its new acquisitions-Florida, and the valley of the Mississippi, and Canada-lay invitingly before him. The enforcing the navigation acts was peculiarly his own policy, and was the first leading feature of his administration. His predecessors had bound him by their pledges to provide for the American army by taxes on the colonies; and to find sources of an American revenue, was his second great object. This he combined with the purpose1 of so dividing the public burdens between England and America as to diminish the motive to emigrate from Great Britain and Ireland;2 for, in those days, emigration3 was considered an evil. In less than a month after Bute's retirement, Egremont, who still remained Secretary of State for the southern department, asked the advice of the Lords of Trade on the organization of governments in the newly acquired territories, the military force to be kept up in America, and in what mode least burthensome and most palatable to the colonies, they can contribute towards the support of the additional expense which must attend their civil and military establishment.4

1 M. Frances au Due de Choiseul à Londres le 2 Septembre, 1768.

2 Second protest of the House of Lords, on the repeal of the stamp act.

3 Knox, i. 23, Extra-official Papers, II. 23.

4 Secretary Lord Egremont to the Lords of Trade, 5 May, 1763:

North America naturally offers itself as the principal object of your lordship's consideration upon this occasion, with regard to which I shall first obey his majesty's commands in proposing to your lordships some general questions, before I proceed to desire you will furnish that information which his majesty expects from your lordships with regard to the North American and Southern parts of this continent, considered separately.

The questions which relate to North America in general, are—

1st. What new governments should be established, and what form should be adopted for such new governments? And where the capital or residence of each governor should be fixed?

2dly. What military establishment will be sufficient? What new forts should be erected? And which, if any, may it be expedient to demolish?

3dly. In what mode, least burdensome and most palatable to the colonies, can they contribute towards the support of the additional expense which must attend this civil and military establishment, upon the arrangement which your lordships shall propose?

It is noticeable, that the question as to taxing America by parliament, implied in the third interrogatory, does not relate to the expediency of doing it, but the mode. On the right or propriety of the measure, the Board of Trade is not invited to express an opinion.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Places (automatically extracted)

View a map of the most frequently mentioned places in this document.

Sort places alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a place to search for it in this document.
North America (2)
England (United Kingdom) (1)

Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text.

hide People (automatically extracted)
Sort people alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a person to search for him/her in this document.
Lord Egremont (2)
William Knox (1)
M. Frances (1)
Due Choiseul (1)
hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
1768 AD (1)
May 5th, 1763 AD (1)
1763 AD (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: