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Chapter 6:

The triumvirate ministry pursue the plan of taxing America by parliament.

April, May, 1763.

George the Third was revered by his courtiers as
CHAP. VI.} 1763. April.
realizing the idea of a patriot king.1 He would espouse no party, rule ‘by no faction,’ and employ none but those who would conduct affairs on his own principles. The watchword of his friends was ‘a coalition of parties,’ in the spirit of dutiful obedience, so that he might select ministers from among them all, and he came to the throne resolved ‘to begin to govern as soon as he should begin to reign.’2 Yet the established constitution was more immovable than his designs. Pitt did not retire from the ministry till the country was growing weary of ‘his German war,’ and a majority in the British cabinet opposed his counsels. Newcastle, so long the representative of a cabal of the oligarchy, which had once been more repected than the royal authority itself,3 did not abandon

1 The Annual Register: Gov. Bernard, in a speech to the Legislature of Massachusetts.

2 Bolingbroke's Patriot King, 77.

3 Bolingbroke on the Spirit of Patriotism, Works, III. 18, 19.

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