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[112] and Shawnees, and for two years1 they had been
chap. VII.} 1763. May.
soliciting the north-western nations to take up arms. ‘The English mean to make slaves of us, by occupying so many posts in our country,’ said the lower nations to the upper.2 ‘We had better attempt something now, to recover our liberty, than wait till they are better established.’ So spoke the Senecas to the Delawares, and they to the Shawnees, and the Shawnees to the Miamis3 and Wyandots, whose chiefs, slain in battle by the English, were still unavenged,4 until every Where, from the falls of Niagara and the piny declivities of the Alleghanies to the whitewood forests of the Mississippi5 and the borders of Lake Superior, all the nations concerted to rise and put the English to death.6

A prophetic spirit was introduced among the wigwams. A chief of the Abenakis persuaded first his own tribe, and then the red men of the west, that the Great Manitou had appeared to him in a vision, saying ‘I am the Lord of Life; it is I who made all men; I wake for their safety. Therefore, I give you warning, that if you suffer the Englishmen to dwell among you, their diseases and their poisons shall destroy ’

1 Speech of Pontiac. Harangne faite à la Nation Illinoise, èt an chef Pondiak, &c. &c. 18 Avril, 1765. Aubry to the French minister, 16 May, 1765. Gayarre Histoire de la Louisiane, II. 131. The work of Gayarre is one of great merit and authority, built firmly upon trustworthy documents.

2 Major Gladwin, commanding officer at the Detroit to Sir Jeffery Amherst, Detroit, 20 April, 1763. ‘They say we mean to make slaves of them’ &c. &c.

3 Speech made by the chief of the Miamis Indians at the delivery of the belt of wampum, sent to them from the Shawnee nation, at Fort Miamis, 30 March, 1763. ‘This belt we received from the Shawnees, and they received it from the Delawares, and they from the Senecas.’

4 Speech of Hudson, a Cayuga chief, to Captain Ourry, in June, 1763.

5 Speech of Tamarois, chief of the Kaskaskias, to Fraser, in April, 1765.

6 Speech of the Miamis Indians, of 30 March, 1763.

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